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Philipsburg Mail
Philipsburg , Montana
September 30, 1938     Philipsburg Mail
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September 30, 1938

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LAWYER SPEAKS ON JURY SERVICE HEARERS URGED TO DO DUTY AS CITIZENS WHENEVER CALLED UPON System One of Bulwarks of Human Liberty, Attorney J. A. Poore Tells Members of Butte Rotary Club, Won From Monarchy 700 Years Ago. The preservation of the jury 1 system depends on jury service, J. t A. (Bert) Poore told the members of the Butte Rotary club. He urged [ his hearers to do their duty, when I it fell to their lot, without hesi- I tancy and as an important civic duty. The Jury system, he said, is one of[ the bulwarks of human liberty that l was won from monarchy more than 700 years ago when King John of Eng- land was compelled to sign the Magna Charta. Previous to that time, he said, the citizen was tried before a Judge who had been appointed by the king. The populace was at the mercy of the ruler who selected the Judges. The Jury system was therefore a tremendous step toward democracy; toward the recognition of the rights of the masses to Justice. When the English people came to the United States, he said, they brought the jury system with them. When the revolutionary fathers drafted the United States constitution they made provision for Jury service. The constitution of the various states did likewise. Every citizen between the ages of 21 and 70, who is not deficient mentally and whose name appears on the tax rolls, is eligible for jury duty. To preserve the system it is necessary that a jury shall not be drawn from Just one class but shall be a cross section of the community--including members of all classes. "Fair and im- partial as well as competent Juries," :he said, "are essential to the preserva- tion of the jury system." He read section 889 of the Montana tatutes, which states that a prospective Juror must not be excused for slight cause or for damage or injury to his business." He said there were a hum- BOWDOIN REFUGE DRAWS WILDFOWL BIRD POPULATION OF PtIILLIPS] COUNTY RESERVATION IN- ] CREASES RA_____PIDLY Better Nesting Places mad Improved] Feeding Conditions Bring More [ Ducks, Geese, Swans, Cranes and 1 Even Upland Birds to Area. It doesn't take long for good news to get around among the baldpates, redheads, canvasbacks and the other migratory shore birds and waterfowl, according to a census of the bird population on the Lake Bowdoin bird refuge in Phillips county. Since the designation of Lake Bow- do]n, one of the most famous duck hunting territories in the northwest, as a federal wildfowl refuge, the cre- ation of better nesting places, the planting of food and cover and the l protection afforded by a refuge man-] ager, the number of migratory birds I whose summer address is Bowdoin lake has increased very noticeably. With a spring migration of 46,003 ducks, geese and swans, 24,120 nested on the lake during the 1938 season. Of other shore birds and water birds such as coot, avocets, snipes, herons, gulls, terns, cormorants, curlews, bittern and a dozen other species, 7,330 out of a migration of 12,428 nested at Bowdoin, Refuge Manager B. M. Hazeltine states. Upland Birds Also In addition to waterfowl, Manager Hazeltine noted 32 families of upland birds and an increase of four fawns in the herd of 13 antelope that has made its home in the vicinity of the lake for a number of years. The total area of the Bowdoin refuge is 14.227 acres. In this area are two grazing districts with a total of 3,080 acres. Public shooting grounds take in 970 acres of water and 860 acres of land. The total west lake water area is 2,800 acres and the total east lake area, now dry, is 1,200 acres. In the lake are islands adding approximately 1,756 acres to the land ,rea. According to Manager Hazeltine's annual report a large majority of ber of reasons for exemption from jury duty but that the citizen anxious to waterfowl were forced to abandon the l :ahiS ut- t.o the community marl refuge after the 1937 nest season be- ire the.'eemntion if they'aur)ll cause of low water. Later in the "lim:"fe urged"everyone present'-t,o I a fraoppmrimkartlYrSOffcOdafetfof do his part toward preserving the . . . .. snirit of the turv system To proteet l use a ne reiuge, wlth the result that ,,,,,,. t,e,,,r o -"z--" o aid . about 2,200 acres of lake bed were "honorable, fair-minded juries must be flooded for restin.ff places and .feeding had" I grounus earing me iall illgnL /kl- TRAP SEASON CHANGED The state fish and game commissfon has set ahead the open trapping season on mink and muskrat, as it was decided an earlier season will be better for taking mink, State Game Warden James A. Weaver has announced. This winter's season will be from Dec. 15 to March 15, both dates inclusive. It previously was set for from March to April 30. Three million or more persons visit the United States national parks every summer. UNSURPASSED IN RICHNESS AND FLAVOR ARE GALLATIN VALLEY PEAS These Are the Brands to Ask for B-K BIG BOY BRIDGER CANYON GALLATIN VALLEY They hold that "Fresh from.the Garden" Taste. GROWN IN MONTANA PACKED IN MONTANA By the Bozeman Canning Co. though many of the birds left early last season they apparently all returned this spring and finding conditions fa- vorable as the result of good spring, runoff from creeks and good spring: rains, decided to stay the summer. Migration of Cranes A decided increase was found this year in baldpates, blue-wing teal, red- heads and ruddy ducks and a slight increase in the number of Canadian geese nesting on the refuge. There was an exceptionally heavy migration of sandhill cranes through the area last fall. They remained at the lake for two weeks, which is an unusually long visit. About 250 little brown cranes were seen at the refuge about May 1, the first noted since the refuge was created. Sixty-two hunters were checked on the refuge last hunting season. Of this number only two were apprehended for violation-of the. game laves. HAMILTON LABORATORY TO EXPAND ITS WORK Dr. L. R. Thompson, assistant sur- geon general of Washington, D. C., after a brief visit at the Rocky moun- tain laboratory of the public health service here, stated that the Rocky mountain laboratories were no longer to be looked upon merely as the center of activities against spotted fever and other tick-borne diseases but that henceforth the institution would be known as the western branch of the National Institutfon of Health. Thus research work of any field in public health work may find its place in the Hamilton laboratory. 95c Vaccine production must be carried on in the national campaign against spotted fever, but he said it was the hope of the service that other perplex- ing problems could be solved here, with added scientific means. The recent plan to expend $622,000 in an expansion of the laboratory buildings and equipment, is well under way at Washington, he said. Still another trouble with the aver- age man who rides a hobby is that he wants to take up the whole road with it. THE PHILIPSBURG MAIL Doug Fessenden0 head coach of the rampaging Grizzlies. It's an easy matter to drum up a l shrubs in the Flathead forest, because l thousand elk and a majority of the crowd for a public auction sale or a l of less rainfall, are relatively scattered i 7,000 deer. baseball game but it's a Job getting the I and therefore afford less winter feed. I "I have witnessed in the South Fork same fellows to the polls. But on the winter ranges even these I of Montana a big game slump such as shrubs are today largely dead or dying I hope never to see in Idaho. The Sol- because of over-browsing . . . Over- way is well on its way to semi-destiny, grazing in the Solway represents mere- [ and can be saved only by immediate ly an incipient stage of damage as it land continued action . . ." exists in the outh Fork. Over all the favored south slopes the shrubs have DIVERSIFICATION been so heavily eaten that there re- main only dead and naked stools. Shrubs still alive resemble weird witch- es' brooms from which each winter IS FARMING PLAN every inch of new growth is gnawed. Their complete death is only a matter of a few more winters. "The bottomlands, normally covered with dense thic:ets of juniper, willow MILK RIVER VALLEY TO STRESS and aspen, are fierally bare of all DAIRYING AND FEEDING OF palatable browse from the ground to[ LIVESTOCK eight or 10 fee in height. This situ-I at]on is disastrous for game on well l Development of dairying, stock managed ranges, these bottomlands re-] feeding and poultry production is main untouched during average win- I seen for the Milk river valley as ters, thus accumtuating a large amount l the result of the improvement of of food which serves as a buffer during irrigable land and the resettlement severe winters. ] of dry land farm families by the "Strangest of all is the appearance[ farm security administration, by of the dense lodgepole pine reproduc-I H.R. Armellng, new farm manage- Lion. On young stands, nearly all the] meat specialist for the Milk river needles and snoos have been eaten[ farms project, off; on older trees the branches are] Production of milk, cream and butter, stripped as high as 10 feet, from snow] line to the reach of the tallest bull. / the fattening of livestock and raising of poultry appear to be the logical Lodgepole Pine Diet / outgrowth of the smaller farm units "Incredible as it may seem, I would and the widespread sugar beet industry, Judge roughly that pitchy lodgepole as well as the .growing pine represents as much as 75 percent alfalfa hay. In addition of the late winter diet of elk in the Treasure State News in Brief 90 PROOF--COP& 19"J8, $CHENLEY DISTRIBUTORS, INC., N. Y. C. LIBBY--David P. Boyle, 75, who came to this section before the town of Libby was built, died at his home here. BROWNING--Harvesting on the res- ervation is practically completed. Bum- per crops of from 30 to 45 bushels of wheat an acre are reported. IIELENA--The Montana mink and muskrat trapping seasons were set at from Dec. 15 to March 15 by the state fish and game commission. Previously i dates were from March 1 to April 30. CIRCLE---Fred Male]cote, 59, a ,prom- ]neat Watkins farmer, was instantly killed while working on a WPA project when he was caught in an earth slide. He was trapped in the slide as he worked on a county road culvert [ LIBBYLloyd T Turner, 68, former l resident of Anaconda and Butte, died in a hospital here He came to Libbyl in 1914 after working for the Anaconda I Copper Mining Co in Butte several years. I MISSOULA--Victor Anderson Jr., 28, of Missoula, was Injured fatally when his car plunged from the road near Lolo Hot Springs, rolled down a hill- side and came to rest in a creek. Two other occupants of the machine were less seriously hurt. BUTTE--Butte Anglers club officials received 400 Chinese pheasants from the state game farm at Warm Springs to be cared for during winter months and released fn nearby counties. An additional 140 birds already were being fed in anglers' pens. BUTTE--1VIanufacture of 50,000 corn-i forters and 25,000 mattresses will be undertaken by the works progress ad- ministration, State Administrator Jo- seph E. Parker said. First manufactur- ing plants would be in Anaconda, Bil- lings, Butte and Great Falls. SHELBY--L. L. Kreager, drill fore- man, and Guy Germ and Raymond Griffin, drillers from the reclamation project at Ashton, Ida., are diamond drilling the dams]to on the Marius river south of Shelby. Drilling started Sept. 15. BOZEMAN--The Northern Pacific Transport Co. filed an application with the Montana railroad commie,]on for discontinuance of its motor busses be- tween Glendive and Bozeman. A num- ber of other busses are operated east and west through Bozeman each day. ItELENA--Distribution of $1,569,000 during August to 42 governmental agen- cies operating in Montana, was report- ed by Richard Zohm, regional disburs- ing officer for the Montana district. The announcement followed the month- ly audit made by his office. CtIINOOK--Frank J. Salfer sold his meat market to the Buttrcy Foods store. It will be continued under man- agement of the former owner's son, Clinton. Salfer had been in the meat elder O'Rourke was a prominent min- ing man and real estate promoter. FAIRFIELD--The n e w 1 y created Fairfield high school district voted ap- proval of a bond issue for a high school in or near Feb'field in the amount of $55,000. A government grant of $45,000 was previously assured con- dltional upon authorizing the bond issue. I MISSOULA--Threat of serious dam- age to sugar beets and gardens from a second hatching of sugar beet web- worms is entirely past, George L. Knight, state horticulturist, believes. Cold nights and parasite flies combined to prevent a large second hatch. Worms from the first hatch appeared in July. BOZEMAN--Winter range for the Gallatin elk herd will be the best in a decade, Deputy Game Warden Frank Marshal reported after an inspection trip of areas in the vicinity of the upper Gallatin river and South Fork of Taylor's fork, where the animals from Yellowstone park spend the winter months. ROY--The Roy dancehall is full of wheat. The hall was used for dancing and all entertainments here for 2b years, until the new high school gym- nasium was completed two years ago. The old hall was purchased by William Thielman, a farmer. His wheat crop this fall was large, so he stored much of the grain in the hall. GLACIER PARK--Fifty-one fish at one cast with a single fly is the record of Max Johnson, Utah fisherman, who toured Glacier park. Johnson looped his prolific fly into one of Swift- current crook's promising holes and landed a six-inch brook trout. For supper the preceding evening the tlsh had eaten 50 rainbow trout fry. HARLOWTONWith threshing corn- deled on the James Roma ranch, two miles east of Shawmut, a spring wheat yield of 25 bushels an acre is reported. Roma harvested more than 1,000 pounds of crested wheat grass seed and a good crop of crested wheat grass hay from the same land that yielded the seed. IIELENA--Morgan Burke of Havre has been appointed traveling auditor for the state department of agriculture by Commissioner James T. Sparling. Burke will contact elevators in the state to see that they are complying with all phases of the Montana grain law. For 29 years Burke represented the hnperial Elevator Co. of Minne- apolis in Montana. BUTTEOpening of 18 WPA nursery schools to care for 600 underprivileged Montana children was announced by State Administrator Joseph E. Parker. Schools will be located at Anaconda, Billings, Bozeman, Browning, Butte, Deer Lodge, Lewistown, Miles City, Missoula, Scobey, Sidney and Helena. At present, Butte has four schools and Anaconda, Billings and Great Falls trove two each. The old-time "prison crop" has been abolished in Britmh prisons, and prisoners now are allowed to have safety razors so that they can shave when they wish. F1achead Game Reduc00on Urged o Preserve Herd00 Montana has in its Flathead river; bit of annual browse growth on the other forage stuff the heaviest in years.] wilderness a depleted winter range wlnLer ranges and in many places Marsh grasses along the rivers are l graveyard ior 'big game which the i waded deep snows and the cold north growing rank, he said after an lnspec-[ famed Solway area in Idaho will dupll- i slopes to procure additional food. This care within 10 years unless its elk and i sununer there is a noticeable lack of tion tour. ] deer herds are brought within bounds [ yearlings in, comparison to the Solway ANACONDA--William Forkin, 15, of through hunting, says Dr. A. B. Hatch, I herds. We found seven dead elk in Opportunity, was injured fatally wheal assistant professor in charge of game] the small percentage of the total range a log he was dragging caught on a[ management at the University oil we were able to examine closely, stump, flipped into the air and knocked] Idaho. I "Happily the winter range conditions him from a horse he was riding. The[ Dr. Hatch spent 10 days in the South ] on the Solway do not even approach accident occurred at Red Lion, a rain- I Fork drainage southeast of Kalispell ] those of the South Fork. Our problem ing camp about 23 miles west of Aria- [ as an invited neutral member of .a[ls to increase hunting rapidly enough conda. J Montana game survey party. Acuelso that our herds will be reduced and BUTTE--John Edward O'Rourke, 49,1 range conditions he observed so re-more uniformly distributed. The prob- son of a pioneer state family, died l sembled problems confronting the Sol- lem fn the South Fork is one of bring- here after an illness of two weeks.I way elk and deer lerds that he de- ing back a range 80 to 90 percent de- 'O'Rourke managed the widespread es- scribed them in a letter to I. J. Longe- stroyed to a semblance of its former tare of his father, scattered throughout teig, Craigmant, president of the Clear- luxuriance. water wildlife federation. Parts of hfs Must Reduce Herds Montana and neighboring states. The letter follow: ,, ..oa t- h, o . . "Several of the 30-odd visitors who : ave s udied the South Fork dumng prosperous future for the entire ag- winter range, and dIfers in no essen- the ......... t ,,, ,.n n  r,n ,, ,,nh. las mree years are oi me oplnlOn ricultural population of this section of o,. ,, o ,,,, o++ . .,.on that the winter range cannot recover the state." o,., ,,,,,u,, o.,0,,,,, ,, +. ,,o,,, unless at least 90 percent of the present ." .........  7. .... r ",: : h, "2 " --': elk and deer are removed I agree, if DO no quesulon t)u na ne aamagv h ran r " " " ......  o,, ,,  -nl,, ,,,,,o, ,.  e ges a e o regain anynlng like .,' o,,,,' ,," ,,,""''o, their normal carrying capacities within a reasonable number of years of browse species are extremely diffi- , ............ ,. .  i auy gua ever can come OI me cult to recognize; indeed, they have South Fork ex er ......... p lence, I 1nlnK 1 mus even escaped the scrutiny of range ex- , .............. ,,+ Te  Uel ,,,--,o- +,o-o,,r- e zrom ne lesson na 1 gives us ............. in what not to let happen elsewhere. ma mos summer visitors ana iau ......... d' There is still time to avert disaster nuners--ana even some packers an , m,ao--oo ,im,, t- ,-o- +-+ ,,o*el in the Selway. The low winter ranges-- .......... " .... +"-1 -- "* ' ..... r l except for Moose creek--may still be ,,naan  [ adequat to tide most of the herds over ...... _ _ . I one severe winter. I think that two Winter Jange uepleted ' ]severe winters in succession, however, "In contrast to the Solway, the lwill result in starvation of several of corn and to an all-year income for the farm dairying and feeding contribute to fertility of the soil, Armellng said. Armeling, who was extension agent in Sanders county for a number of years, comes to the Milk river project from Thompson Fails. He will assist farmers with information relative to crops, land preparation and approved irrigation practices. "The splendid crops and the good supply of water for irrigation in the Milk river valley have impressed me particularly, especially as this season has not been favorable in the western part of the state," he said. "I am pleased with prospects for development and would like to see an expansion of the project, as it would mean a more South Fork. This is more serious than would first appear because twigs of pine do not regenerate as do those of leafy shrubs, and the almost complete exhaustion of 'the present winter food supply is thus in sight. "Overgrazing, Judging from .the age and extent of the damage, apparently has been in progress well over a decade . . . Today, although there are as many acres of winter range in the South Fork as the Solway (75,000) it is heavily overstocked by only 2,600 elk and a few hundred deer in contrast to 11,000 elk and Y,000 deer in the Solway. "Even last winter, which was quite mild, these 2,600 elk cleaned up every business here since 1924, the last eight ....... " 0 S e 0 T.y ....... years in the Buttrey store. He will devote his time to ranching interests. BOZEMAN--Deputy Game Warden Frank Marshall reported winter rangl for the Gallatin elk herd will be the best in a decade, with bunchgrass and SAMPLING "is the process of obtaining from a lot of ore a smaller quantity that contains, in unchanged percentages, all the constituents of 'the original lot."--U, S. BUREAU OF MINES. This is one of our regular jobs. During the past 25 years, our Washoe Sampler has sampled and purchased for cash millions of tons of gold, sil- ver and copper ores and concentrates, at the rate of 1,500 tons a day ANACONDA COPPER MINING CO. BUTTE, MONTANA