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Philipsburg , Montana
June 15, 2017     Philipsburg Mail
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June 15, 2017

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12 • Philipsburg Mail - Thursday, June 15, 2o17 by Emily Petrovski The tenth annual noxious weed clinic, held by the Granite Headwater Watershed Group, was held last Wednesday at the Granite County Museum• Topics of discussion at the event included rangeland and pasture management principles, updates in biocontrol, noxious weed identification and herbicide recommendations, applicator licensing and credit information and water quality and herbicide performance. MSU Rangeland Weed Specialist Jane Mangold talked about herbicide "to selectivity and the efficacy of different herbicides on certain noxious weeds. The idea is to increase the benefit of the herbicide while lessening the risk to other plants, Mangold said. biennial weeds is before they seed, that contain metsulfuron work best Herbicides such as Transline when they first come up. Herbicides for treatment houndstongue, which is much more friendly towards grasses, offer better control when the plant . in the borage family, Mangold said. she noted, is at the seedling stage, thoughGranite County's new Extension She would not be doing her job if she sometimes the weed may not pop into Agent, Ben Hanptman gave a did not tell all the attendees at least memory until it is flowering, Mangold presentation on the latest research once that they should read the labels on commented. Perennial weeds offerinto rattle box. The weed has shown the herbicides, Mangold joked. Some a range of opportunities for ideal resistance to multiple herbicides, labels will list what plants are t61erant spraying time. The most effective times Hauptman noted. to the herbicide and when, whether just to spray are in both the seedling or The most effective control seeded or established. Many regrowth phase, Mangold said. Though method that has been found thus of the companies do studies success can be found in the budding, far is spraying in early spring with a on which plants are tolerant early growth and full flower phases as product that contains metsulfuron. of their herbicides and which well, she added. In the first year after spraying, the are not, Mangold noted. Best timing depends on the species grasses will be set back, but they make Timing of applicationand the type of herbicide used, up for that growth in the second year, of the herbicide is a key to Mangold noted. If the herbicides are Hauptman said. get the best benefit and not applied at the right growth stage, From what he has seen it appears minimize risk, Mangold they can end up as a waste of money to be a major issue in some local said. For summer and time. hayfields, There is not much "o annuals, the focus is onSuccessful management begins with published research on the plant or managing the seeds of the plant, identifying the plant, Mangold told effective management• options as of she noted, not the plant itself. An the event's attendees, now, Hauptman said. Most of the example she gave of a summer annual is Leafy spurge has a lot of herbicide information he has gathered has come the yellow star-thistle, options because it has been around from one-on-one conversations with The ideal timing for spraying of fora long time, she said. Products people. The story of the James Stuart Mill is rediscovered this week The following article was under the direction of Horace researched by Loraine Bentz Countryman who was a very Domine and Ted Antonioli, experienced miner and mill members of the Granite operator with Deidesheimer County Historical Society. as his assistant. Dance had The James Stuart Mill, warned Hauser early on that financed by James Stuart he did not want a repeat of and his associates in the the Argenta delays so expect- directorate of the St. Louis ed Hauser to take personal and Montana Mining Com- interest in the construction or pany, was built in 1867 under "there will be another outra- Philipp Deidesheimer super- geous squandering of money" vision with the assistance of (Hakola, John, "Hauser Augustus Steitz and builder Dissertation", 1961). James Horace Countryman. It was feared the mill would end up the first silver amalgamation costing $4o,ooo before it was mill built in Montana. The running due to "Deides and mill was based on the design Countrymen humbugging us." of mills in the Washoe (Com- It actually cost $75,o0o. stock) district in Nevada, A report by Raymond Ros- known to Philipp from his siter to Congress in 1869 work in the district. It sue- described the mill as a stone eessfully operated using his building with an engine of basic design for nearly four 50 horsepower. Boilers 40 decades, so the statement of inches in diameter and 20 Rossiter Raymond, that the feet long. Running ten stamps mill was "the best mill in the at 650 pounds each; with six Territory" can be considered Wheeler pans that are four amply demonstrated. The mill feet in diameter; has three was designed to treat the "free concentrators that are eight milling" ores of Hope Hill. feet in diameter. The stamps As stated last week, the and pans are geared to make belief in huge profits was from 60 to 75 drops and enough to get the Missourians revolutions per minute. The to put up more dollars. The mill capacity is from 12 to 15 capital stock of the St. Louis tons per twenty-four hours, and Montana Mining Compa- according to the quality of ny was increased by $1oo,ooo ore. It crushed about 1,ooo with funds given to Hauser tons of quartz which yielded to purchase needed machin- about $1oo,ooo. cry. He was in New York by The bill of lading in the mid March to buy machinery, Hauser Archives at Montana but in the end most of the Historical Society indicates equipment was bought in San that many of the parts of the Francisco by Deidesheimer ten stamp mill were shipped requeSt, by boat from the Marshall The first step wfis to erect Foundry in St. Louis to Fort a mill building. This was Benton in April of 1866. This shipment included lO stamp heads, two battery boxes, a fly wheel and a 12x24 steam engine. This equipment was originally intended for Argenta but the bulk was diverted to Flint early in 1867. The pans and set- tiers were pur- chased from the Miner's Foundry in San Francisco. A later description by W H Emmons • ". James Stuart Mill sketch by Granville'Stuart 867. Courtesy Montana in U~ fro fessional Pa- Historical Society Archives. per 78 states of their union, James and and took over the mining and that a Blake jaw crusher was his former financiers suchmilling as superintendent. installed ahead of the stamps, as the Comstock, thought he Because of the geological and that a "mixing floor", was far to generous towards complexity, Stuart could not where mercury, salt and cop- labor. James told Banker Sam find sufficient ore on Hope per sulfate were mixed with Hauser that Deidesheimer Hill to feed the mill. The mill the ore, was present between had no more idea of what to only "failed to extract the the settling tanks, pay a man "than a child." Also silver" from ores which it The mill was completed on reports reveal Philipp was too was not designed for. Veins October 15, 1867. As quoted glowing in his assessmentsfurther south, on Poorman by a reporter "we yesterday of ore bodies. Whether this Hill and Trout Hilt, contain were familiarly accosted by reflects native optimism or too much lead and zinc to be that urbane and polite gentle- deliberate exaggeration is not successfully treated by the man, Superintendent Coun- completely clear. His later Washoe process. Thus his tryman and informed the ... career demonstrates that he attempt to mill ore from the mill would be set in motion at backed up his evaluations Poorman's Joy claim was a the sound of the steam engine with his own money, disaster because of the exces- 2 o'clock pm." Unfortunately for the St. sive metal content. The take Although Philipp was popu- Louis and Montana Min- away is the mill worked well lar enough with the employ- ing Company, James Stuart on Hope Hill ore from the ees to be named president pushed Deidesheimer out moment of start up.